Demographic Characteristics And Changes In Routine Biochemical Parameters Following Single Vitamin D Injection
Demographic information and other baseline characteristics of the subjects are shown in . There were no statistically significant differences between the vitamin D and placebo groups . Compared with the placebo group, no statistically significant differences were observed in serum calcium, phosphorus, and the ratio of urine calcium to creatinine at weeks 4, 8, and 12 after vitamin D3 injection . Serum 25D concentrations increased significantly throughout the study after vitamin D3 injection . Moreover, there were no significant differences between the two subgroups receiving vitamin D3 injections which had previously been grouped based on baseline levels of 25D . On the other hand, serum PTH concentrations at weeks 4, 8, and 12 after vitamin D3 injection in the vitamin D group did not change significantly . No statistically significant differences were observed in the vitamin D group compared with the placebo group .
Vitamin D Dose Depending On Your 25d Value:
Here you’ll find dosage recommendations for the intake of vitamin D in form of a dietary supplement, depending on the respective 25D value. The recommendations are based on the findings of Dr. John J. Cannell, a vitamin D expert and founder of the Vitamin D Council organization.
The given vitamin D dose may be slightly rounded up or down in order to take the recommended amount using the available vitamin D preparations.
Discharge Instructions: Giving Your Newborn Liquid Vitamin Supplements
Liquid vitamin supplements are prescribed for many babies when they leave the hospital. This is especially common for breastfed babies. The most common vitamin supplement for babies is vitamin D. Human, or mom’s, milk contains only small amounts of vitamin D. Formula has added vitamins, including vitamin D. Vitamin D prevents a bone disease called rickets. Your baby may also need vitamins if he or she was born early, or has certain health conditions. A breastfed baby may need extra vitamins if the mother eats a vegan diet. This type of diet can be low in vitamins B12 and D.
Vitamin supplements will help your baby grow and develop normally. They are given to your baby in addition to regular feedings. They are not meant to replace regular feedings.
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Whats the optimal dosage for babies/children? In Downunder Australia? I hear it makes a difference, something to do w the ozone/ sunshine in Australia.?
After consultation with the childs pediatrician, consider daily doses of 1,000 IU for infants up to 6 months old, 1,500 IU for infants aged 6 months to 1 year, 2,000 IU for toddlers up to 4 years, 3,000 IU for children aged 5 9 years, and 4,000 IU for those 10 years and older, and 6,000 IU for 17 and older. Of course, check vitamin D levels at least annually.
How Many Ml Vitamin D For Baby
How many ml vitamin d for baby? Toddlers one year and older need 600 IU vitamin D from food, fortified milk, and sometimes from a supplement. . breastfed, continue to give 400 IU of liquid vitamin D every day. of fortified whole milk each day.
Is 1 mL of vitamin D for babies? Always read the label of the vitamin D supplement carefully to determine how much liquid is needed to give your infant the correct dose of vitamin D. Remember, some supplements require just 1 drop for each 400 unit dose others require 1 mL for each 400 units.
How much liquid vitamin D should I give my baby? If youre feeding your baby less than 32 ounces a day of vitamin D-fortified formula, give your baby 400 IU of liquid vitamin D a day starting in the first few days after birth. Continue giving your baby vitamin D until he or she drinks at least 32 ounces a day.
What are the benefits of eating an apple a day? A cup of sliced avocado can give you up to 50 micrograms of vitamin K. One-half cup of stewed prunes nets you about 32 micrograms. Blueberries and grapes and apples have lower amounts but are easy to add to a meal on the go.
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Health Benefits Of Vitamin D
Vitamin D is essential to your newborns health. Babies who dont get enough vitamin D can develop Rickets. Rickets is a disease that softens your bones. Young children who dont have enough vitamin D can end up with bowed legs as they grow, delays in crawling and walking, and soft skulls. In recent years, rickets has become more and more of a problem in young children. Doctors are trying to combat this by recommending vitamin D drops.
Pinpointing A Healthy Vitamin D Level Is Tricky
So, what is the current cutoff value at which people are considered “low,” and thus at risk for developing bone thinning and having fractures? Ah. This is where there is a lot of argument.
In 2010, the venerable Institute of Medicine issued a report based on lengthy examination of data by a group of experts. To sum up, they estimated that a vitamin D level of 20 ng/mL or higher was adequate for good bone health, and subsequently a level below 20 was considered a vitamin D deficiency.
In my practice, and in most, it is not uncommon to see a vitamin D level less than 20. When that happens, we tell the patient that they are deficient and recommend fairly aggressive replenishment, as well as ongoing supplementation. The majority of folks have a level between 20 and 40, in my experience, and this is corroborated by the IOMs findings in that 2010 report.
But in 2011, the respected Endocrine Society issued a report urging a much, much higher minimum blood level of vitamin D. At that time, their experts concluded: “Based on all the evidence, at a minimum, we recommend vitamin D levels of 30 ng/mL, and because of the vagaries of some of the assays, to guarantee sufficiency, we recommend between 40 and 60 ng/mL for both children and adults.”
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Synthesis In The Skin
Vitamin D3 is produced photochemically from 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin of most vertebrate animals, including humans. The precursor of vitamin D3, 7-dehydrocholesterol is produced in relatively large quantities. 7-Dehydrocholesterol reacts with UVB light at wavelengths of 290â315 nm. These wavelengths are present in sunlight, as well as in the light emitted by the UV lamps in tanning beds . Exposure to light through windows is insufficient because glass almost completely blocks UVB light.
Adequate amounts of vitamin D can be produced with moderate sun exposure to the face, arms and legs , averaging 5â30 minutes twice per week, or approximately 25% of the time for minimal sunburn. The darker the skin, and the weaker the sunlight, the more minutes of exposure are needed. Vitamin-D overdose is impossible from UV exposure: the skin reaches an equilibrium where the vitamin degrades as fast as it is created.
The skin consists of two primary layers: the inner layer called the dermis, and the outer, thinner epidermis. Vitamin D is produced in the keratinocytes of two innermost strata of the epidermis, the stratum basale and stratum spinosum, which also are able to produce calcitriol and express the VDR.
How Much Vitamin D Should You Take For Optimal Health
Vitamin D is essential for good health.
Its often referred to as the sunshine vitamin and is made in your skin when exposed to sunlight.
Despite that, vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies in the world.
Up to 42% of the American adult population has low vitamin D levels, which can cause health problems (
Vitamin D is crucial for bone health and immune system function.
This article discusses how much vitamin D you need.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin thats involved in many essential body functions.
There are two forms of vitamin D in the diet and supplements:
- Vitamin D2 : found in some mushrooms.
- Vitamin D3 : found in oily fish, fish liver oil, and egg yolks.
D3 is the more powerful of the two types and raises vitamin D levels almost twice as much as D2 .
Significant amounts of vitamin D can also be made in your skin when exposed to UV rays from sunlight. Any excess vitamin D is stored in your body fat for later use.
Almost every cell in your body has a receptor for vitamin D. Its essential to many processes, including bone health, immune system function, and can help protect against cancer (
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How Much Vitamin D Should My Baby Receive
- Babies who are breastfed should get 400 IU per day. If they have one or more risk factors listed above , they require an additional 400 IU/day.
- Babies in northern communities or who have other risk factors should get 800 IU per day, year-round.
If you arent sure about the right amount to give your baby, talk to your health care provider.
Vitamin D Metabolism And Benefits
Vitamin D3, whether produced by the skin or consumed in food or supplements, is converted by the liver into calcifediol . This is the most abundant form of vitamin D found in the blood, and the one that is tested to check your vitamin D level. Yet, calcifediol is still not the active form of vitamin D.
The kidneys convert calcifediol into the active form of vitamin D, calcitriol. Calcitriol is the form of vitamin D that stimulates absorption of calcium from the intestine, and regulates calcium and phosphorus mineralization in the bones. Vitamin D is important for maintaining strong bones, and avoiding osteoporosis.
The bottom line supplemental vitamin D3 is ultimately converted into the active form, calcitriol, which has numerous beneficial effects throughout the body, including helping to reduce the risk of diabetes, cancer, heart disease, influenza, asthma, and complications of pregnancy.
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Vitamin D Blood Level Variables
Your genetics determine vitamin D metabolism in your body, which is why your blood level may differ from another healthy person who weighs about the same as you, despite taking the same dose. In addition, diseases, medications , stress, and an imbalance of beneficial intestinal bacteria , can all lower your vitamin D blood level.
Effects Of Vitamin D Deficiency On Pregnancy
Despite the wide intake of prenatal vitamins, Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy is still common worldwide. The adverse outcomes of pregnancy secondary to vitamin D deficiency include miscarriages, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction , increased risk for gestational diabetes, preterm birth and low birth weight infants . Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women may affect fetal growth, tooth enamel formation and bone ossification . Decreased vitamin D levels in general is associated with increased mortality and vitamin D supplementation reduces mortality . The reasons behind increased mortality include diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cancer . Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with several autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis , systemic lupus erythematosus , antiphospholipid syndrome , Hashimoto Thyroiditis , and multiple sclerosis . Autoimmune diseases are more commonly seen in females than males. Pregnant women with these autoimmune disorders are at increased risk for poor pregnancy outcomes .
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What Vitamin Helps With Eye Twitching
The sunshine vitamin is required for the absorption of calcium in the body. Low amounts of this vitamin can not only make your bones weaker but can also cause muscle contraction and eye twitches. Apart from these, excessive alcohol and caffeine intake can also be responsible for the involuntary phenomenon.
If I Am Breastfeeding And I Eat Foods Rich In Vitamin D Do I Still Need To Give My Baby A Supplement
Yes. Although some foods are good sources of vitamin D, they wont provide enough vitamin D to enrich your breast milk to the level your baby needs.
If you are breastfeeding, talk to your doctor about whether a supplement of up to 2000 IU/day is right for you. If it is, this will help your baby maintain a healthy vitamin D level.
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Do Breastfed Babies Really Need Vitamin D
We often hear that breast milk is a complete food, containing everything your baby needs. But tests have shown that breast milk is lacking in vitamin D.
Infants should get vitamin D drops starting in the first few days of life, Dr. Liermann says. Its especially important in breastfed babies because they get minimal, if any, vitamin D from breast milk.
Infant formula contains vitamin D, but its not enough for younger babies. Formula-fed babies need a vitamin D supplement until they are taking 32 ounces of formula every day, says Dr. Liermann. This usually happens after the first few months of life, but is different in every baby. Newborns, in the first few months of life, dont consume enough formula to get the recommended daily amount of vitamin D.
Your Value Is Between 80
These values are only slightly above those that can be achieved naturally by exposing the skin to the sunlight. It is assumed that these values cannot be achieved without taking vitamin D in dietary supplement form. To date, no risks are known which would result from consistently high values in the range of 80-100 ng/ml.
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Vitamin D Metabolism And Biological Functions
Vitamin D is unique among vitamins because it can be made in the skin from sunlight exposure. Vitamin D has two forms: Ergocalciferol and Cholecalciferol . D2 is produced from ultraviolet irradiation of the yeast sterol ergosterol and is naturally found in sun-exposed mushrooms. D3 is synthesized in the skin from the cholesterol precursor 7-dehydrocholesterol which is naturally present in the skin or obtained from lanolin . Vitamin D that is ingested is assimilated into chylomicrons, which are absorbed into the lymphatic system and enter the venous blood. Vitamin D that comes from the skin or diet is biologically inert and needs its first hydroxylation in the liver by the vitamin D-25-hydroxylase to 25D . 25D undergoes a second hydroxylation in the kidneys by the 25D-1-hydroxylase to form the biologically active form of vitamin D 1,252D . 1,252D interacts with its vitamin D nuclear receptor, which is present in the small intestine, kidneys, and other tissues .
How Much Vitamin D3 Should I Take Daily
How much vitamin D3 should I take daily? Thats the short answer it depends on age. But we have discussed below the article more details about the topic. Vitamin D is very important for good health. Also known as a sun vitamin, it is made on your skin when exposed to sunlight. Despite this, vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in the world. Up to 42% of adults in the US have low levels of vitamin D, which can cause health problems. Vitamin D is very important for bone health and immune function. This article discusses the amount of vitamin D you need in your life.
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