It Goes Away And Comes Back
Most skin rashes go away within a few days or weeks, but eczema goes away for a short period of time and then reappears. Everyday elements in the environment like smoke, pollen, pet dander and fragrances can cause eczema to flare up.
The best way to prevent eczema flare ups is to use a thick, fragrance-free moisturizer at least twice a day over your childs entire body.
What Can Make It Worse
Each baby is different. But there are some common eczema triggers to avoid, including:
Dry skin. It can make a baby’s skin itchier. Low humidity, especially during winter when homes are well-heated and the air is dry, is a cause.
Irritants. Think scratchy wool clothes, polyester, perfumes, body soaps, and laundry soaps. These can all trigger symptoms.
Stress. Children with eczema may react to stress by flushing. That can lead to itchy, irritated skin. And that, in turn, ramps up their eczema symptoms.
Heat and sweat. Both can make the itch of infant eczema worse.
Allergens. Its not certain, but some experts believe that removing cows milk, peanuts, eggs, or certain fruits from a childs food may help control eczema symptoms. Remember that your baby can get exposed to these foods if their mother eats them before they breastfeed. Find out the connection between food and eczema flares.
Moisturizing Ointments And Creams
Using a moisturizing ointment or cream to keep the skin soft and moist is key to tacklingbaby eczema. Moisturizers are classified according to their oil and water content, withthe most effective moisturizers containing a higher amount of oil.
Ointments and barrier creams should be applied to the skin in a thick layer at least twiceper day and immediately after bathing. They can be bought over the counter at the pharmacyor be prescribed by a doctor.
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Baby Eczema: Top Tips For Treatment
Eczema, sometimes called infantile eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammation of the outer layers of skin. The condition most often appears in children, though many outgrow it as they get older. For more severe cases of eczema, here are seven tips for treatment:
1. Avoid triggers.The problem with eczema is that skin is easily irritated, so “the main treatment is avoiding irritants,” Tolcher tells WebMD. Triggers that may irritate your baby’s eczema include:
– Dry air
– Heat and sweating
2. Avoid scented products. What irritates eczema varies with each baby, says Tolcher, but start by avoiding fragrances in all products that touch baby’s skin, including soaps, shampoos, and lotions. Opt instead for mild body soaps or soap-free cleansers such as Aquaphor Gentle Wash, Basis, Cetaphil, Dove, or Eucerin. Also avoid perfumed laundry detergents, fabric softeners, and dryer sheets, and select “baby friendly detergents” such as All Free and Clear, Dreft, Ivory Snow, and Purex.
3. Moisturize. Moisturizing is the foundation of healthy skin for people with eczema, says California dermatologist Wendy E. Robert, MD. You can soothe your baby’s eczema symptoms by moisturizing skin at least two or three times daily, using a fragrance-free, hypoallergenic product. Look for oil-based ointments. These help lock in moisture better than lotions, which contain more water.
Does Baby Eczema Go Away On Its Own
Baby eczema needs treatment to go away completely. The best treatment is using moisturizer daily or several times each day to keep your babys skin hydrated.
Most cases of baby eczema clear up by the time they start school, around age 4 or 5. Sometimes eczema can go away or reduce in severity as your child reaches adolescence or by the time they turn into adults. As your child grows, they may have sensitive skin or flare-ups of eczema symptoms throughout their life.
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How Is Atopic Dermatitis Diagnosed In A Child
The healthcare provider will ask about your childs symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask if you or other family members have atopic dermatitis, asthma, or nasal allergies such as hay fever or allergic rhinitis. He or she will also ask about allergy symptoms in your child. The healthcare provider will examine your child, looking for signs of atopic dermatitis. There is no specific test for atopic dermatitis. Testing is usually not needed, but it may be done. Tests may include:
Blood tests. Your childs blood may be checked for levels of immunoglobulin E . IgE is released by the bodys immune system. Its high in most children with allergies and with atopic dermatitis. Other blood tests may also be done.
Skin tests. Skin tests may be done to check for allergies or other skin conditions.
What Can Cause Eczema In Your Baby
Eczema is thought to develop when the skin is unable to retain a lot of moisture. This in turn can make your infant more sensitive to certain irritants or triggers.
Its unclear why some people get eczema and others dont, but genetics plays a role. Your infant might be more susceptible to eczema if others in your or your partnerâs family have had it before.
Your little one also has a higher chance of developing the condition if certain other conditions run in your family, such as hay fever, asthma or allergies.
Food allergies may be a factor sometimes, but donât stop giving your child potentially important types of food without first consulting your doctor. Any allergies need to be diagnosed and managed separately.
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How To Treat Silent Reflux
If treatment is needed, your childs pediatrician may recommend GERD medications, such as H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors, to help reduce the amount of acid made by the stomach.
Prokinetic agents are drugs that help increase movement of the small intestine so stomach contents can empty faster. This prevents food from sitting too long in the stomach.
Triggers Of Eczema Flare
- Soaps. Never use bubble bath. It can cause a major flare-up.
- Pollens. Keep your child from lying on the grass during grass pollen season.
- Animals. Avoid any animals that make the rash worse.
- Foods. If certain foods cause severe itching , avoid them.
- Wool. Avoid wool fibers and clothes made of other scratchy, rough materials.
- Dry Air. Use a humidifier if the air in your home is dry.
- Herpes Virus Infection . Keep your child away from anyone with fever blisters . The herpes virus can cause a serious skin infection in children with eczema.
- Eczema is not caused by laundry soap you use to wash clothing.
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Questions To Ask Your Childs Doctor
After your child is diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, you may feel overwhelmed with information. It can be easy to lose track of the questions that occur to you.
Lots of parents find it helpful to jot down questions as they arise- that way, when you talk to your childs doctors you can be sure that all of your questions are answered. If your child is old enough, you may want to suggest that she writes down what she wants to ask her health care provider too.
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How Can I Stop My Baby Itching
Keeping your babys skin well moisturised and controlling any flares are the best ways to reduce the itch.
Try to work out any individual factors that trigger your babys flares and try to avoid exposing them to irritants. Scratching is a response to itch but it can become a habit, too. So, keep your babys nails short and use sleepsuits with built-in mittens. Keep the bedroom cool: around 18°C.
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Signs Of Eczema In Babies
Theres a good chance your baby has eczema if they have patches of skin that are:
The inflamed skin will look pink or red in babies with a lighter pigment and reddish brown or purplish gray in babies with darker pigment.
Its likely to be eczema if your baby experiences this condition in certain places on their body and it comes and goes in flare-ups.
It may be more obvious at night, if the itchiness is making your baby too fussy to sleep.
People sometimes confuse eczema with cradle cap, which appears on the scalp and face in babies up to around 8 months old.
This is generally a greasy, yellow, scaly condition which isnt red or itchy like eczema.
Eczema can appear differently in babies depending on their age:
- 0-6 months: red, flaky, and sometimes weepy patches on the scalp, cheeks, and ears
- 6-12 months: crusty elbows and knees from rubbing while crawling
- 1-2 years: thicker and scalier skin in elbow and knee folds, hands, wrists, and ankles
Older children often experience eczema on hands and in the folds of joints, and sometimes on the neck and face.
Eczema usually starts at a young age and can get better at times and worse at others, when environmental factors trigger it.
If its a sudden red rash in a different area than usual, it may just be an allergic reaction to a specific product like soap or detergent rather than recurring eczema.
You can take your baby to a GP if you want an official diagnosis of eczema or to discuss prescription-only treatments.
How Is Eczema Diagnosed
There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. The doctor will look at the rash and ask about symptoms, the childs past health, and the familys health. If family members have any atopic conditions, thats an important clue.
The doctor will rule out other conditions that can cause skin inflammation, and might recommend that your child see a dermatologist or an allergist.
The doctor may ask you to ban some foods from your childs diet, switch detergents or soaps, or make other changes for a time to see if your child is reacting to something.
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Look For Asthma And Hayfever
It should be noted that eczema can be associated with other health conditions. If your child has eczema, there is a good chance that theyre going to have asthma or hayfever too. This isnt definite but it is something you should look for. You shouldnt worry about it too much though. A baby with eczema may or may not develop asthma. You shouldnt freak out about it yet. Still, this is something to consider when attempting to diagnose the problem.
If yourchild has a skin condition alongside asthma or hayfever, there is a higherpossibility that it is eczema. Still, youll want to get your baby checked bytheir pediatrician to be certain. You should cross your fingers as well. Afterall, many babies could grow out of these problems with patience.
Living With Eczema And Atopic Dermatitis
Eczema can flare up when you are under stress. Learn how to recognize and cope with stress. Stress reduction techniques can help. Changing your activities to reduce daily stress can also be helpful.
The area where you had the eczema may easily get irritated again, so it needs special care. Continue to follow the tips provided here even after your skin has healed.
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What Does It Look Like
The signs of eczema in infants include itchy, dry and scaly skin, redness and swelling of the skin and small bumps that open and weep when scratched. In infants and young children, eczema is usually found on the face, outside of the elbows, and on the knees.
In older children and adults, eczema tends to be on the hands and feet, the arms, and on the back of the knees.Keep in mind that all patches of dry skin are not eczema. The cold, dry outdoor air and indoor heating can dry all babies skin in winter, causing dry patches. In children prone to dry skin, so can the sun, air conditioning, and pool and salt water.
We dermatologists usually say if its not itchy, its not eczema you cant make a diagnosis of eczema unless there is an itchiness that goes with the rash. Babies with cradle cap, also known as seborrheic dermatitis, can also have a wide-spread rash, which is not eczema in itself. But it is common for cradle cap and eczema to co-exist in the first several months of life.
Care Advice For Spitting Up
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What Is Infant Reflux
When your baby is spitting up, it simply means that whats in your babys stomach is coming back up through their mouth or nose. The official name is gastroesophageal reflux which is usually shortened to just reflux.
Reflux alone is a normal thing for babies, and for most it doesnt become a bigger issue.
Did My Baby Develop Eczema Because I Couldnt Breastfeed
As eczema is caused by genetic factors, bottle-feeding a baby definitely cannot cause eczema. In fact, current research is divided, with some studies showing positive effects of breastfeeding and others showing no significant effects at all.
Neither is there enough evidence to advise pregnant or breastfeeding women to avoid specific foods to protect unborn children from atopic eczema or any other atopic condition.
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