A Quick Guide To Bottle
Feeding isnât just about nutrition â itâs a chance for social interaction and bonding. Sit comfortably and make eye contact. Enjoy these moments of closeness with your baby.
Just because youâre bottle-feeding, doesnât mean you and your baby have to miss out on plenty of skin-to-skin contact. Holding your little one close against your skin is not only good for bonding, it also has a calming effect and helps regulate your babyâs breathing and body temperature.
Hereâs a brief guide to bottle-feeding your baby:
Hold your baby upright in a comfortable, neutral position. Your infant shouldnât need to tilt or turn the head to reach the bottle
Hold the bottle almost horizontal to the ground, tilted just enough to fill the teat with the formula
Brush your babyâs lips with the teat, and your child will usually open his or her mouth wide and put out his or her tongue
Help your baby to draw the teat into his or her mouth
Pace the feed by pausing occasionally to see if your baby is still hungry
How Do I Know If My Baby Is Getting Enough Formula
Your baby’s weight gain and the number of wet and dirty nappies will tell you whether your baby is getting enough formula.
Your baby should have around 6 wet nappies a day from a few days after the birth. Nappies should be soaked through with clear or pale yellow urine, or feel heavy.
For the first few days after birth, your baby will pass a dark, sticky substance known as meconium. After the first week your baby should start to pass pale yellow or yellowish brown poo.
Your baby will usually be weighed at birth and again at around 5 and 10 days. After that healthy babies only need to be weighed once a month up to 6 months of age.
This information should be entered on a chart in your Personal Child Health Record or “red book”.
If you have any questions or concerns about your baby’s weight gain, speak to a midwife or health visitor.
Bottle And Nipple Cleaning Tips
- If you wash the bottles and nipples by hand, use hot soapy water.
- Use special brushes to get the bottles and nipples clean. Make sure the nipple holes are cleaned well.
- Rinse well with hot water.
- Let the bottles and nipples air dry.
- You can also wash bottles and nipples in a dishwasher. Use a basket to hold the nipples, collars and caps.
- Do not store clean nipples and bottles in an air-tight container. Small amounts of milk could remain on them and cause mold.
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How Many Ounces Of Breastmilk Should A Newborn Eat
Breastfeeding mommies are always concerned if they are producing sufficient milk or if the baby is getting enough feeds. It is also a great concern to know if the baby is nursing according to his chronological age or less/ more than other babies of his age. Obviously, if you are exclusively breastfeeding your baby, there is little to no chance to measure the milk however, it has been observed that mothers who collect the milk often report that the babies fed on breastmilk often consume less milk than formula-fed babies. However, if you are aware of the breast-feeding guidelines, it is pretty easy to tell if your baby is consuming sufficient breastmilk or not.
Baby Weight Chart By Age
Weight charts can help a person tell what percentile their babys weight falls into. For example, if their weight is in the 60th percentile, it means that 40% of babies of the same age and sex weigh more, and 60% of these babies weigh less.
This does not necessarily mean that any baby weighs too much or too little. It can simply indicate where a babys weight falls on a spectrum.
The chart below shows baby weights in the 50th percentile. This is the average weight. Male babies tend to weigh a little more than female babies, so the chart is divided by sex.
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Signs That Your Baby Is Hungry
Mothers have wonderful instincts, but were not all mind readers at the beginning! Youll gradually become very familiar with your babys unique gestures and signs of hunger. In the meantime, here are a few of the most common signs your baby is telling you theyre hungry:
- Puckering, smacking, or licking lips
If your baby shows any of these signs, he or she may be trying to tell you that its time to eat. Ideally, your baby should be feeding on demand, when he or she is hungry. If you are breastfeeding, this is a healthy way to help maintain your milk supply, as your body will naturally respond to your babys needs and continue to produce the right amount of milk. Bottle feeding on demand can be also beneficial for the infant as they are able to self-regulate their feeding needs.
First Weeks And Months
Some babies need additional vitamin D.
Babies who are fed breast milk exclusively or who receive both breast milk and infant formula need extra vitamin D, starting shortly after birth. They can get this through over-the-counter vitamin D drops. Babies receiving only infant formula do not need vitamin D drops. Infant formula is fortified with vitamin D.
- Over the first few weeks and months, the time between feedings will get longerabout every 3 to 4 hours for most infant formula-fed babies. This means you may need to wake your baby to feed. You can try patting, stroking, undressing, or changing the diaper to help wake your baby to feed.
- Some feeding sessions may be long, and other feedings short. That is okay. Babies will generally take what they need at each feeding and stop eating when they are full.
Enjoy Mealtimes With Your Baby
Mealtimes are a time to be together and communicate. Just as adults and children enjoy talking with each other at mealtimes, so do babies. Hold your baby close to your body, facing you, when feeding. This should be an enjoyable and social experience for you both.Take the bottle away as soon as your baby has had enough.Do not put your baby to bed with a bottle, to feed alone. This is dangerous because your baby may choke. Also, older children who are regularly fed this way are more likely to get middle-ear infections and tooth decay.
Compatibility With Breast Pump
This is something you only realize when you start pumping your milk. It is so convenient to be able to express the milk straight into the bottle and then give it to your hungry baby or store in the fridge. Its a time-saver and makes mom life so much easier!
If you cant breastfeed your baby, but still want to serve them the breast milk, using the breast pump is your solution.
In that case making sure the baby bottle is compatible with your breast pump should be on top of your list.
Some bottle brands only work with that particular brand of pump, while other bottles are compatible with a variety of other breast pump brands
Nanobebe is one of the bottles that are compatible with many breast pumps allowing you to express your milk directly into the feeding bottle
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Othertypical Hunger Cues Include:
- Licking lips
- Putting his/her hand to mouth repeatedly
- Opening her mouth
- Sucking on everything around
Its necessary to understand, however, that each timeyour baby cries or sucks its not essentially as a result of he or she ishungry.
Babies suck not just for hunger but also comfort it ishard initially for parents to inform the distinction. Sometimes, your babysimply has to be cuddled or modified.
Signs Of Hunger And Fullness
Whether you’re using a formula, nursing, pumping, or a combination of all these feeding methods, tune in to your baby’s hunger and fullness cues before you start crunching numbers. While each baby is unique, these are are some common hunger cues to watch for:
- Crying or fussiness
- Opening of his mouth when touched on his chin or lips
- Smacking of lips or making small sounds with his mouth
- Sucking on fingers or placing fist in mouth
Fullness cues include:
- Stopping feeding or only taking a few sucks before pausing
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Nursing Pillow Or Comfortable Chair
It is important not just for your baby but for you as well to be as comfortable as possible when feeding your baby. Nursing pillows are designed to keep your baby in a better position for feeding while maintaining a good comfort level.
Comfortable chairs are sometimes overlooked, but they can make all the difference in the world, whether youre exclusively bottle-feeding or mixing breast and bottle. Some things to look at are: rocking function, supportive and padded armrests , footrest, stain-resistant fabric.
How Much Milk How Often
It all starts fairly simply:
- Most healthy formula-fed newborns take 2 or 3 ounces of formula per feeding, and eat every 3 or 4 hours.
- By one month of age, most have increased on their own to about 4 ounces every 4 hours.
Another way to express this rule of thumb is that the average baby takes 2 or 3 ounces of formula each day for every pound of body weight, up to a maximum of 32 ounces. A newborn weighing 7 lbs. will take an average of 14-21 ounces of formula in a day. A 4-month-old weighing 14 pounds needs 28-32 ounces.
Nevertheless, these are general guidelines. In real life, this may vary quite a bit from day to day and from baby to baby. Itâs best to remain flexible and to let your babyâs appetite guide the amount. Do not worry too much about calculating the exact number of ounces per feeding or per day. You donât need to coax him to finish a bottle, or stop him if he still acts hungry. Doing so can actually override your babyâs natural hunger and satiety mechanisms. In general, babies will eat/drink when hungry and stop when full. It is this natural instinct that allows for proper growth and development. At each doctor visit, your pediatrician will check your babyâs growth. If there are concerns, your pediatrician may discuss alternative feeding plans. If you notice your baby refusing food, losing weight, or you are unsure about their growth, please make a visit with your pediatrician to discuss your concerns.
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How Much Formula Does My Baby Need
Newborn babies need quite small amounts of formula to start with. By the end of their first week, most will need around 150 to 200ml per kilo of their weight a day until they’re 6 months old. This amount will vary from baby to baby.
Although most babies settle into a feeding pattern eventually, they vary in how often they want to feed and how much they want to drink.
Feed your baby when they show signs that they want it. Babies tend to feed little and often, so they may not finish their bottle. Having a big feed does not mean your baby will go longer between feeds.
The amount of formula may change if your baby is unwell, in pain due to teething, or having a growth spurt.
How Many Ounces Of Breast Milk Should A Newborn Drink
- Day One —> Your babys stomach is about the size of a cherry! This means that it holds just 1 1 ½ teaspoons of milk at a time.
- Day Three —> Your babys stomach is about the size of a walnut! This means that it holds just ¾ – 1 ounce of milk at a time.
- One Week —> Your babys stomach is about the size of an apricot! This means that it holds about 1 ½ – 2 ounces of milk at a time.
- Two Weeks —> Your babys stomach is about the size of a large egg! This means that it holds about 2 ½ – 5 ounces of milk at a time.
Between one month old and six months old, your baby will begin to eat more efficiently in fewer sessions throughout the day, but the total amount of milk that he or she drinks per day will not change significantly. Every baby is different and many will certainly have days when they are hungrier than others, but the amount of breast milk that your little one will take in during this time typically averages out to anywhere from 19 30 ounces per day. However, this can change if you begin supplementing or, later on, as youre introducing solid foods.
If you need a little help tracking how much milk your baby is drinking each day, download our Medela Family app to easily log your pumping, nursing, and feeding sessions and your little ones diapers. You can also download our – available in English and Spanish – to stay as organized as possible during those early weeks at home with your baby.
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How Much Should My Breastfed Baby Eat
Breastfed babies should eat as often and as long as they want, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics . Most newborns nurse every two to three hours, counting from the beginning of each nursing session. That adds up to around eight to 12 feedings a day.
But you should let your baby guide you instead of the clock, so offer your breast whenever he shows signs of hunger. If your baby seems very sleepy, you should wake him to make sure he gets at least eight feedings within 24 hours.
As for how much he should drink during each nursing session? Again, theres no right or wrong answer. But you can generally expect your newborn to nurse for 20 to 30 minutes per feeding.
Its time to end the session when your baby lets go of the nipple, or when his sucking pattern slows down to four sucks per swallow.
Another thing to keep in mind: Its totally normal for your little one to occasionally want to nurse nonstop. Called cluster feeds, these bursts of hunger tend to coincide with growth spurts. It can feel like all youre doing is nursing, but just follow your babys lead and know itll probably only last for a day or two.
Is My Baby Eating Enough
Babies grow at different rates, and at times you may wonder whether your baby is getting enough nutrients to develop properly. To help determine whether your baby is eating enough, follow the schedule of regular well-child checkups so that your little one can be weighed and measured.
In the meantime, your newborn’s diapers are a good indicator of whether your baby is getting enough to eat. You’ll probably be changing at least six wet and four dirty diapers each day at first.
Newborns’ poop is thick and tarry in the beginning and then becomes more yellow or green as they get older. Formula-fed babies often have firmer, less seedy stools than breast-fed babies.
Wet diapers should have clear or very pale urine. If you see orange crystals in a wet diaper, contact your baby’s doctor. Crystals are usually not a cause for concern, but sometimes they can be a sign of a baby not getting enough fluid or of dehydration. Other possible signs of underfeeding include:
- not gaining enough weight
- seeming unsatisfied, even after a complete feeding
If you’re concerned or notice any signs that your baby isn’t getting enough nutrition, call your doctor.
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