Convert Your Baby’s Weight To Pounds
One pound equals 16 ounces . To convert the extra ounces into pounds, divide the ounces by 16. For example, if your baby weighs 8 pounds 4 ounces, this equals 8.25 pounds.
If you are using kilograms, multiply your baby’s weight in kilograms by 2.2 to get their weight in pounds.
Using the example above, a baby weighing 3.74 kilograms converts to 8.25 pounds .
Enjoy Mealtimes With Your Baby
Mealtimes are a time to be together and communicate. Just as adults and children enjoy talking with each other at mealtimes, so do babies. Hold your baby close to your body, facing you, when feeding. This should be an enjoyable and social experience for you both.Take the bottle away as soon as your baby has had enough.Do not put your baby to bed with a bottle, to feed alone. This is dangerous because your baby may choke. Also, older children who are regularly fed this way are more likely to get middle-ear infections and tooth decay.
Guide For Formula Feeding
- When breast milk is not available, standard infant formula is an appropriate alternative for most healthy full term infants, but there are some differences between brands. Do not hesitate to ask your health care provider for a recommendation if you are unsure which formula to use.
- Bottle-feeding should be interactive, with the caregiver holding both the bottle and the infant. Propping a bottle has been linked to an increased risk of ear infections and tooth decay.
- Formula feeding should be in response to the infants needs and not based on a predetermined schedule. Look for cues of hunger and fullness to determine both when to feed and how much. The number of wet diapers per day and your childs growth will reflect if he or she is getting enough formula. The chart below demonstrates common intakes for infants at various stages. However, ask your health care provider if you have any questions about how much formula your infant is taking.
- The amount of formula an infant takes will decrease as the baby increases intake of solid foods, but formula remains a significant source of calories, protein, calcium and vitamin D for the first year of life.
- Ask your health care provider before switching an infant less than 1 year of age from formula to cows milk or a cows milk alternative.
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When Should You Feed Your Baby
As discussed, newborn baby feeding should be on-demand, starting within 1 hour of delivery. You should continue doing so throughout the night. Your baby will give you signs, called as feeding cues, when hungry. Identify these early and begin feeding.
Early Feeding Cues:
- The baby will start stirring.
- The baby will open his mouth and turn his head seeking your breasts .
Mid / Active Baby Hunger Cues:
- Increase in the movements
- Sucking his fist and fingers.
Late Baby Hunger Cues:
- Pink-coloured skin
- Excessive physical movements.
You must always aim to calm your baby first and then consider feeding him if he exhibits late hunger cues. Offer skin-to-skin contact and try to feed your baby by snuggling him close to your breasts.
Signs That Your Baby Is Hungry
Mothers have wonderful instincts, but were not all mind readers at the beginning! Youll gradually become very familiar with your babys unique gestures and signs of hunger. In the meantime, here are a few of the most common signs your baby is telling you theyre hungry:
- Puckering, smacking, or licking lips
If your baby shows any of these signs, he or she may be trying to tell you that its time to eat. Ideally, your baby should be feeding on demand, when he or she is hungry. If you are breastfeeding, this is a healthy way to help maintain your milk supply, as your body will naturally respond to your babys needs and continue to produce the right amount of milk. Bottle feeding on demand can be also beneficial for the infant as they are able to self-regulate their feeding needs.
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Kitten Bottles And Nipples:
While you are shopping for your kitten formula be sure to pick up some kitten bottles and nipples.
You can choose to use a traditional kitten nipple that will require some preparation on your part. These nipples do not come precut which means you will have to cut a hole yourself in the nipple for your newborn kitten.
This can cause a ton of human error without even realizing.
To make sure you are doing it right, test how fast or slow the kitten formula comes out by turning the bottle upside down and over your wrist.
If you do not feel comfortable using the traditional kitten nipples you can use something called a miracle nipple.
The miracle nipple is a specialty product you can buy online.
The miracle nipple has a hole already cut into it , it is a hard rubber nipple and can be used with a syringe or you can pop it right onto a regular kitten bottle lid!
These awesome miracle nipples come in many sizes based on the age of your kitten. This specialty nipple creates the perfect flow if given the right size to your newborn kitten.
When To Switch To A 210 Ml Bottle
This is usually around the time of diversification, so around 4 months, that the child passes to 210 ml bottles.
It is to the French inventor, Nicolas Appert best known for the invention of the method of preserving food by canning that we owe this simple calculation rule, allowing to know the quantity of milk necessary for your baby. from birth to completed four months, depending on his weight. This rule, which took the name of its inventor, consists of divide the babys weight in grams by 10, and add 250 to the total.The result is the quantity of milk the baby needs, in ml per day, to within plus or minus 100 ml indicates the nutritionist.
Childs weight in grams / 10) + 250) = quantity of milk in ml / day +/- 100 ml
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How To Introduce Baby To Solids
Whenever possible, the AAP recommends that babies be fed through exclusive breastfeeding or breast milk for 6 months, as well as supplemental breastfeeding until your infant turns one. If you’re formula feeding, your baby should also receive formula for their first year of life. Introducing solids is more about getting them used to chewing and swallowing food than providing any significant nutritional benefit.
When you are ready to introduce solids, you should think of solid foods as a “bonus” food. So you will always start mealtimes with breast milk or formula first. Give your baby the breast or bottle first thing in the morning, before or after meals, and before bedtime. At the beginning, you’ll have to experiment to find what works best. Here is a sample “menu” to help you determine an approximate amount your baby should be drinking:
- Up to 9 months, feed your baby 20 to 28 ounces of formula daily or breast milk every 3 to 4 hours.
- At 9 to 12 months, feed them 16 to 24 ounces of formula daily or breast milk every 4 to 5 hours.
As soon as your little one understands the concept of eating and shows interest in mealtime , start them on a routine for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. If eating together as a family is important to you, it can also be a great way to spend time together during mealtime by having your baby join you at the table. Even if they aren’t hungry at times, they’ll get used to the idea of eating on a schedule.
Food Allergies And Prevention
The science and opinion about food allergies and prevention have changed in recent years. New studies show that delayed introduction of peanuts increases the risk for developing peanut allergy. For most infants, it is now recommended that foods containing peanuts be introduced, along with other varieties of solid foods, between 4 and 11 months. If there is a strong family history of food allergies or your baby has severe eczema or an egg allergy, he or she should be tested for a peanut allergy first. Most other babies, even those with mild to moderate eczema, are encouraged to start foods containing peanuts.
One way to introduce foods containing peanuts is to add peanut powder to cereal. You can also mix peanut butter in pureed fruit or infant cereal. Talk to your pediatrician if you notice signs of a food allergy such as vomiting, diarrhea, or rash after eating a new food. If your baby ever has facial swelling or trouble breathing after eating a food, call 9-1-1 immediately. And remember, whole peanuts are a choking hazard to children under 4 years of age.
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Is Baby Drinking Too Much Or Too Little Expressed Milk
Keep in mind that the amount of milk that baby takes at a particular feeding will vary, just as the amount of food and drink that an adult takes throughout the day will vary. Baby will probably not drink the same amount of milk at each feeding. Watch babys cues instead of simply encouraging baby to finish the bottle.
If your baby is taking substantially more than the average amounts, consider the possibility that baby is being given too much milk while you are away. Things that can contribute to overfeeding include:
If baby is taking significantly less expressed milk than the average, it could be that baby is reverse-cycling, where baby takes just enough milk to take the edge off his hunger, then waits for mom to return to get the bulk of his calories. Baby will typically nurse more often and/or longer than usual once mom returns. Some mothers encourage reverse cycling so they wont need to pump as much milk. Reverse cycling is common for breastfed babies, especially those just starting out with the bottle.
If your baby is reverse cycling, here are a few tips:
What About Breastfeeding
Moms who breastfeedare often worried because they cant see or measure how much their babies are eating. As discussed above, babies are born with a sophisticated mechanism that prompts them to nurse until they are full and to stop when their nutritional needs are satisfied. If a mother is not producing enough milk, a healthy baby will act hungry even after feeding and will not gain weight normally. This will be seen at your doctor visits during the weight check. This is one of the reasons even healthy babies see their pediatrician so often. We like to make sure they are growing well! The pediatrician should be called if there are any concerns about growth.
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Follow Your Baby’s Lead
Remember, each baby is unique and will vary her intake from feeding to feeding, and day to day. Never force-feed her extra formula, and don’t leave her still smacking her lips for more. A baby who spits up often may do better with smaller, more frequent feedings. Or, consider using paced bottle feeding, a technique that allows your little one to control the pace of their meals and reduces overfeeding.
How To Warm Milk
- From frozen: thaw in refrigerator overnight or run under cool running water
- Refrigerated milk or thawed milk: run under warm running water or immerse in a pan of warm water. Mix/swirl the bottle and test the milk on your wrist to make sure it is not too hot.
- Never microwave formula or breast milk. Microwaves can have uneven heating, causing some areas of the bottle and milk to be so hot it could burn your baby. It could also cause the loss of the beneficial properties of breast milk.
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Breast Bottle Or Combination Feeding
Choosing how to feed their baby is one of the things that new parents think about the most. It can sometimes be difficult or stressful to make a decision. For some, plans change because theyve experienced problems perhaps their little one has a tongue tie and theyre struggling to latch, or theyre experiencing pain while feeding.
The benefits of breastfeeding are widely talked about, and its an amazing way to give your newborn a great start in life. Its also a wonderful opportunity for mother and baby to bond.
If, for whatever reason, you decide not to breastfeed, thats okay too. Bottle feeding or combination feeding still supports your babys growth and allows you to bond.
When To Start Solids
The American Academy of Pediatrics says you can start your child on solids between 4 and 6 months, but the answer really depends on your baby. Some babies may be perfectly content waiting longer, while others may be ready to start noshing. The best way to know if your baby is ready is to look for signs of eating readiness. Here are some signs that your little one may be ready for baby food:
- They can sit upright and hold up their head.
- They are curious, looking at everything around themespecially what you’re eating!
- They follow your fork with their heads and may open their mouths to try to take a bite.
- They lost the tongue thrust reflex that automatically pushes food out of their mouth.
- They still seem hungry after getting a full day’s portion of milk .
If your baby does not seem ready to eat yet, remember, there’s no need to rush this milestone. Most babies are ready to start solids between 5 and 6 months. Don’t start solids before 4 months.
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What Is A Baby Feeding Schedule
Itâs simple: You should nurse or offer a bottle whenever your little one is hungry in the first few months as a newborn. And your baby is going to let you know, loud and clear! But crying isnât the only clue.
Following your child’s lead, instead of trying to stick to a strict time-based schedule, is often called âdemand feedingâ or âfeeding on-demand.â Since your infant can’t actually say “I’m hungry,â youâll want to learn to look for cues that it’s time to eat. These may include:
- Leaning toward your breast or a bottle
- Sucking on their hands or fingers
- Opening their mouth, sticking out their tongue, or puckering their lips
Crying is also a sign of hunger. But if you wait until your baby is very upset to feed them, it can be hard to calm them down.
Things You Should Know
Here are some important things to keep in mind about formula feeding:
Hand washing. Always wash your hands carefully before preparing formula.
Washing feeding equipment. If you wash and rinse bottles and artificial nipples carefully Ã¢â¬â with hot, clean water Ã¢â¬â boiling or sterilizing them is unnecessary. Be sure to clean out any leftover formula, which can spoil easily and upset your baby’s stomach.
Heating formula. Never heat formula in the microwave. Microwaves heat the formula unevenly, and hotspots will burn your baby. Place the bottle in a bowl of hot water for a few minutes to bring it up to room temperature.
Bottle position. Whoever is doing the feeding needs to hold the baby’s head at a slightly elevated angle and keep the bottle held up so she doesn’t suck in a lot of air.
Throwing out used formula. Prepared formula can be kept in the refrigerator for 48 hours if the baby hasn’t touched the nipple. If she has, throw out whatever remains after a feeding.
Read more about how long can formula sit out for once it has been prepared.
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Weaning Onto The Bottle
If youre feeding your baby expressed breast milk, try a simple calculation to work out how much to offer him. Simply multiply your babys weight in kg by 150ml and divide this number by your babys daily number of feeds this will give you a low estimate of what your baby needs per feed, says Geraldine.
If youre bottle-feeding your baby with formula, you can use the higher calculation for an estimate of what your baby needs as it isnt as well absorbed or utilised by the body as breastmilk. Multiply your babys weight in kg by 180ml and divide this number by your babys daily feeds, says Geraldine. But if your baby doesnt drain the bottle, he has had enough and there is no reason to encourage him to finish the milk.
Signs That Your Baby Is Full
How do you know when your baby is no longer hungry? Whether you choose breast or bottle, look out for these signs that may indicate your newborn is full:
- Turns head away from your breast or bottle
- Hands are open and relaxed
- Falls asleep
If your baby shows any signs of being full, ensure that you stop breastfeeding or bottle feeding, even if the bottle is not empty.2
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Other Ways Of Estimating Milk Intake
There are various ways of estimating the amount of milk intake related to the weight of the baby and the age of the baby, based upon formula intakeresearch has shown that after the early weeks these methods overestimate the amount of milk that baby actually needs. These are the estimates that we used for breastfed babies for years, with the caveat that most breastfed babies dont take as much expressed milk as estimated by these methods. Current research tells us that breastmilk intake is quite constant after the first month and does not appreciably increase with age or weight, so the current findings are validating what moms and lactation counselors have observed all along.