What Shots Do They Give Newborns

Are There Any Reasons Not To Vaccinate My Child Especially During The Covid

How do vaccines help babies fight infections? | How Vaccines Work

Yes. There are times when some children should not get certain vaccines or they should wait. For example, if your child has any severe, life-threatening allergies, theyve had an allergic reaction after a previous dose of vaccines, or theyre moderately or severely ill, their doctor may recommend not getting or delaying a specific vaccination.

When it comes to the COVID-19 pandemic, you dont need to delay the immunizations or care your child needs unless of course you, your child or someone in your household is experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.

While staying on track with all immunizations is important, making sure your child has their annual flu shot will be especially important this year. As the pandemic continues, so too will the high amounts of time we spend at home and indoors where flu viruses can thrive during cold and dry winter weather. Flu shots are typically available starting in late August, and this year HealthPartners and Park Nicollet is offering both shot and FluMist options.

A Newsletter You Can Relate To

Storytelling that represents you, delivered to your inbox.

With breastfeeding, the potential for immunity is less significant as the maternal antibodies are consumed by a baby through breastmilk and then go into the gut, and not directly into the babys own bloodstream. We know that breastfed infants are less likely to have some kinds of infection when they are infants, but whether that will turn out to be true from the antibodies from the COVID vaccine remains to be seen, Gray said.

But what about parents who were infected with COVID-19 during pregnancy? Wouldnt they pass on antibodies as well?

The research on that was less clear.

Dr. Carolynn Dude, an assistant professor of maternal fetal medicine at Emory University, helped lead a study on that subject. The results, which appear in the most recent issue of the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, show that while parents were found to have mounted a robust immunological response after contracting COVID, with a significant of neutralizing antibodies present in their blood samples at the time of delivery, these same protective antibodies were found in only 25 percent of infants born to these same patients.

This, Dude said, suggested that the vaccines might offer more protection to babies than a parents bout with the disease.

If People Hardly Ever Get These Diseases Why Does My Child Need To Be Vaccinated

Diseases that were once common in childhood are now rare in Canada because of vaccines. But they still exist. Even one case of measles can spread quickly when people are not vaccinated. You can still catch measles one hour after an infected person has left the same room. It is not easy to tell who is carrying the germ, or if your child has been exposed.

Many vaccine-preventable diseases have no treatment or cure. In some cases, children can die from complications of a disease.

The best protection is to keep vaccinating.

To better explain the importance of vaccination, here is an analogy: It’s just like when we started bailing out a boat that had a slow leak the boat was full of water . We have been bailing fast and hard, and now the boat is almost dry. If we stop bailing the water will continue to come in as there is still a leak .

Don’t Miss: How To Get Newborn To Sleep Better At Night

Baby Vaccination: What To Expect And How To Soothe The Pain

Make your little one’s first vaccinations as pain-free as possiblefor both of you.

No parent looks forward to Babys first vaccinations. Even though the shots are crucial to his long-term health, seeing your infant in pain will surely induce panic. But did you know that parents play a crucial role in relieving side effects of vaccines in babies, making the process more comfortable for both of you?

An study funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research focused on parental awareness and adoption of pain-relief strategies during infant immunizations. Through hospital prenatal programs at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, the researchers worked with parents to create educational tools on reducing babies’ vaccination distress. The tools included a pamphlet and a video.

After parents received the tools, “we found increased use of pain interventions at future infant vaccinations, and knowledge, skills, and confidence in parents’ abilities to manage infant pain,” said Dr. Anna Taddio, professor, Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, of the study.

Hopefully, evidence-based health information for soothing Baby during shots will get in the hands of new parents sooner. But if you still have questions, follow this advice to take some of the stress out of your own baby’s experience.

Your Childs Schedule Of Baby Immunisations

Is it true that the flu shot can give you the flu ...

Every baby and child in the UK is offered a schedule of routine immunisations starting from when theyre two months old. The Department of Health, Public Health England and NHS England all recommend these immunisations to help protect your baby from what would otherwise be common childhood diseases.

In some areas, your baby will be offered a BCG tuberculosis vaccination in the first day or so. This will also be the case if your baby has family members visiting from countries that have high rates of TB .

It is important that your baby gets immunised at the right age, as this will help to keep the risk of your child catching a serious disease as low as possible. Premature babies might be at greater risk of infection so immunisations are particularly important for them .

Youll be given a personal child health record thats called a red book. Its called that because the cover is usually red and its for recording your childs health. It contains details of the fairly rigid schedule to follow for immunisations. Your babys GP might also send you reminders for when their immunisations are due.

Your baby will be protected sooner if they keep to the schedule for their immunisations. If something does happen to delay or interrupt the schedule, they can pick it up again at any time. Although something to be aware of is that delays to some immunisations can slightly change the schedule .

Heres what the current schedule for immunisations in the UK looks like.

Don’t Miss: How Do You Get Social Security Card For Newborn

Does My Baby Need To Have Vitamin K

This is your choice. However, giving vitamin K to your newborn baby is a simple way of preventing a very serious disease. Medical authorities in Australia strongly recommend that all babies be given vitamin K. This includes babies who are premature or sick, and babies having surgery . Parents who decide against vitamin K need to watch very carefully for any symptoms of VKDB.

Vaccines Given At Birth

Hepatitis B Vaccine is given before taking your baby home from the hospital. Hepatitis B can cause slow, persistent liver damage in a child. The virus, found in blood and body fluids, can last on a surface for up to a month. Doctors recommend this vaccine for all babies as a preventative to liver disease and cancer from the virus.

Also Check: How Can A Newborn Sleep At Night

Haemophilus Influenzae Type B And Pneumococcus

Although these vaccines are not given together, both protect against bacteria that can make children younger than 2 years of age very sick with meningitis , pneumonia, or bloodstream infections. Young babies have a limited ability to make antibody responses to bacteria like Haemophilus influenzae type b , pneumococcus, and meningococcus.

Hib and pneumococcus were the most frequent causes of severe illness in young children before vaccines were available. Because of the limitations of making an immune response against them, vaccine technology had to be developed that could overcome this. Researchers found a solution by adding a harmless protein, called a conjugate protein, to the parts of the bacteria that cause disease. Healthcare providers were ecstatic when they had a way to protect babies from the illnesses caused by these two diseases.

Because meningococcus does not occur as frequently, only babies considered to be at highest risk typically receive a meningococcal vaccine in infancy.

Community Immunity And Disease Prevention

Prenatal Education – Vaccines and Your Baby

The more people who are vaccinated in the community, the lower the risk of infection for those who:

  • aren’t vaccinated
  • developed only partial immunity from the vaccine

This means that when your child is vaccinated, you protect them as well as those around them.

Community immunity helps protect those at high risk of developing disease and severe complications or death, such as:

  • adults 65 years of age and older
  • infants and children too young to be fully vaccinated
  • people with health conditions that affect their immune system, such as those undergoing chemotherapy to treat cancer

Recommended Reading: What To Pack In Diaper Bag For Newborn

How Do I Get Vitamin K For My Baby

During your pregnancy, your doctor or midwife should ask whether you want your baby to have vitamin K by injection or by mouth, and they will arrange to provide it. Soon after birth, your baby will have a vitamin K injection or the first dose by mouth. This will be given by a doctor or midwife.

If you have chosen vitamin K by mouth:

  • The second oral dose can be given when your baby has the newborn screening test in the hospital, or by your local doctor or healthcare worker.
  • You need to remember the important third oral dose when your baby is between 3 and 4 weeks old. Talk to your doctor or healthcare worker if you need help or advice.

Make sure that your babys vitamin K doses are recorded in the babys personal health record. If your baby has not had Vitamin K ensure this is also noted in the health records on discharge.

Get These Vaccinations Before Cuddling A Newborn



Vaccines and Boosters: ?

While youve anxiously been getting ready for the arrival of your baby, you might have forgotten one of the most important items to ensure their safety: getting vaccinated.

All parents, grandparents, caretakers and anyone else in your family who plan on spending time with your new bundle of joy should make sure their vaccinations are up to date.

Most newborns who catch preventable infections, such as whooping cough and influenza, caught them from inside the home. If someone in the household has a respiratory illness, other members are at risk for getting ill too. Researchers have identified siblings and parents as the most common source of preventable diseases, such as whooping cough infection in young infants, as well as grandparents, caregivers and friends of the family.

Newborns dont yet have fully developed immune systems, making them particularly vulnerable to infections, said Ruben Espinoza, MD, a pediatrician with Banner Health Clinic. When you get vaccinated, you are not only protecting your own health, but you are also helping form a protective barrier around the baby during their first few months of life when they are not yet fully protected.

If you plan on being around the new baby, Dr. Espinoza broke down the two most important vaccinations to get and when:

Read Also: What Size Diapers Should I Buy For A Newborn

What Should I Do If My Child Is Behind On Their Vaccination Schedule

Dont worry. There are catch-up recommendations in place. But since each vaccine has its own guidelines, talk with your childs doctor to make a plan for getting back on schedule. They can talk with you about your childs medical and immunization history, give you more information on specific vaccines and catch-up guidelines, and discuss any concerns or questions you may have.

Does your child need catch-up vaccinations? Dont delay.

Which Vaccines Do You Recommend For Patients Planning On Starting A Family

Infant and Toddler Vaccine Schedule

First, aspiring parents should be up-to-date on all their childhood vaccines.

Rubella is one of the most important for a mother who wishes to become pregnant, because congenital rubella infection can cause many problems with a growing baby. This vaccine should be given before getting pregnant, as it is a live-virus vaccine and shouldnt be given to pregnant women.

“The antibodies generated by the flu shot will also circulate to the baby during pregnancy and protect the baby in early life.”

Read Also: How To Treat Colic In A Newborn

Feature Article: Why Should My Baby Get So Many Vaccines Before 24 Months Of Age

New parents have barely had a chance to meet their baby before they are asked to permit that baby to get a hepatitis B vaccine. Then, often while still on maternity leave, a slew more up to six doses at 8 weeks of age. By the babys first birthday, more than 20 doses. Many of these doses are to protect against diseases parents have never had, or even known others who have. It is no wonder some parents balk at these requests, or at least ask, Why should we consent to this?

Understanding why vaccines are given so early in life and why so many doses of some vaccines are necessary can help make sense of this important parental decision. At the heart of both of these questions is the immunization schedule, so lets take a closer look.

Your Baby’s Vaccination And Immunisation Schedule

One of the best ways to protect your baby against diseases like measles, rubella, tetanus and meningitis is through immunisation. Your baby needs their first injections at eight weeks, then 12 weeks, 16 weeks and one year.

Vaccinations are offered free of charge in the UK â just book your appointments with your GP. Remember, as well as protecting your own baby, you’re also protecting other babies and children by preventing the spread of disease.

Also Check: Why Is My Newborn More Fussy At Night

Live Weakened Viral Vaccines: Mmr And Varicella

Four of the five vaccines given at this age are live, weakened viral vaccines, including measles, mumps and rubella in the MMR vaccine, and varicella, more commonly known as chickenpox. This means that immunity is the result of the vaccine virus replicating after the vaccine is given. Because the vaccine virus has been grown in the laboratory, it does not replicate as efficiently. The result is development of a robust immune response without actually being ill.

Because these vaccines rely on viral replication, the timing for their receipt has been carefully determined. Like threading a needle, public health officials have to, on one hand, protect babies before they are likely to be exposed, while on the other hand, delay vaccination until maternal antibodies are less likely to interfere with the development of immunity. This balance is one of the reasons healthcare providers were so scared during the recent measles outbreaks. They understand just how vulnerable their patients less than 1 year old are. Measles is one of if not the most contagious of infectious diseases, making it very adept at finding the non-immune among us.

Experience has also shown that people who received the chickenpox vaccine are less likely to develop shingles as adults. And if they do, their cases are less severe because the virus that is reactivating is the vaccine strain, which is less damaging.

Related Posts

Popular Articles