Things You Should Know
Here are some important things to keep in mind about formula feeding:
Hand washing. Always wash your hands carefully before preparing formula.
Washing feeding equipment. If you wash and rinse bottles and artificial nipples carefully Ã¢â¬â with hot, clean water Ã¢â¬â boiling or sterilizing them is unnecessary. Be sure to clean out any leftover formula, which can spoil easily and upset your baby’s stomach.
Heating formula. Never heat formula in the microwave. Microwaves heat the formula unevenly, and hotspots will burn your baby. Place the bottle in a bowl of hot water for a few minutes to bring it up to room temperature.
Bottle position. Whoever is doing the feeding needs to hold the baby’s head at a slightly elevated angle and keep the bottle held up so she doesn’t suck in a lot of air.
Throwing out used formula. Prepared formula can be kept in the refrigerator for 48 hours if the baby hasn’t touched the nipple. If she has, throw out whatever remains after a feeding.
How To Choose Bottles And Nipples
You will find many kinds of bottles and nipples at the store. Try several kinds and see what you and your baby like best.
Bottles are made of glass or plastic. When choosing a bottle, consider:
- Glass bottles last longer but may become a problem when a child is old enough to drop or throw one.
- When choosing or reusing plastic bottles:
- Choose bottles that are made from non-polycarbonate plastic.
- Look for plastics that have the numbers 1, 2 or 5 in the recycling triangle.
- Look for plastics that are labeled “BPA-free.” Studies are suggesting that a potentially harmful chemical has been found in clear polycarbonate plastic. This is hard plastic that is usually clear.
Nipples come in several shapes and sizes. They can be made of silicon or latex. Consider the following:
Why Does My Baby Seem Hungrier Than Usual
As babies gain weight, they should begin to eat more at each feeding and go longer between feedings. Still, there may be times when your little one seems hungrier than usual.
Your baby may be going through a period of rapid growth . These can happen at any time, but in the early months growth spurts often occur at around:
- 7-14 days old
- 4 months
- 6 months
During these times and whenever your baby seems especially hungry, follow his or her hunger cues and continue to feed on demand, increasing the amount of formula you give as needed.
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What Is The Best Formula For Breastfed Babies
Nobody knows. Author Maureen Minchin has studied and compared the ingredients of many formula brands and found they all contain very different ingredients. Ingredients can also change within the same brand according to the cheapest available at a certain time. Formula labels can be very vague toofailing to include potential pollutants from the manufacturing processes or the risk of bacteria in a non sterile product 6. With no two formulas being the same, Minchin says that nobody knows which infant formula is best. For further information on varieties of formula see Types of Infant Formula, NHS, 2016 and Infant milks: A simple guide to infant formula, follow-on formula and other infant milks from First Steps Nutrition Trust. See below for notes and further reading on some of the alternatives to powdered cows milk formula.
Ready to use liquid formulas
Powdered formula is not a sterile product. Wambach and Riordan7 say that ready-to-use preparations are the least risky option because they are sterile.
Low allergy formulas
Goats milk formula?
Goats milk formulas have the same potential to create allergies as cows milk based formulas 11. See the following document for a discussion of the nutritional content of the brands of goats milk based infant formula currently available in the UK:
Soy based formula not recommended
Soy formula is not recommended for general use and is discussed in the following document :
Homemade formula is not safe
How Do I Prepare And Store Ready
Do not add water to ready-to-feed formula. Pour the amount you think your baby will drink into a clean and disinfected bottle.
Store unopened ready-to-feed formula cans in a cool, dry place. Store opened cans of formula in the fridge. Cover opened cans with plastic caps or plastic wrap. Throw cans out after 48 hours or follow label instructions.
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How Do I Get The Formula To The Right Temperature To Feed My Baby
If just made, powdered formula is too hot to feed to your baby. Cool it by putting the bottle under cold running water or in a bowl filled with cold water and ice.
Formula stored in the fridge can be fed to your baby right out of the fridge or warmed first. Your baby will show you what they prefer. Warm it by putting the bottle in a bottle warmer or in a bowl of hot water for no more than 15 minutes. Make sure the ring of the bottle and the nipple do not get wet from the tap water.
Test the temperature by shaking the bottle 1 to 2 times and pour a few drops of formula on the inside of your wrist. If the formula feels warm, but not hot, then you can feed it to your baby.
Do not warm formula in the microwave. Microwaves heat unevenly and create hot spots. Hot spots in the formula could burn your babys mouth.
Once you start feeding, use the bottle within 2 hours. Throw out any leftover formula. Do not reheat formula during a feed or refrigerate a partly used bottle.
How Long Do You Feed Formula To Baby
If you find yourself fretting over your newborn feeding schedule, you’re not alone. Questions like “how much should a newborn eat?” and “how often should I feed baby?” are some of the most common concerns among new parents. After all, baby is growing by leaps and bounds. They’ll grow more in the first year than at any other point in their life, doubling in size by the time they’re 5 months old and tripling by the end of the first yearso it’s important to feed baby the fuel they need to power through each stage of development. Whether you opt for breast milk or formula, here’s what you need to know to make sure baby is eating enough.
In this article: How much breast milk should a newborn eat? How much formula should a newborn eat? What if you’re breastfeeding and formula-feeding? Signs baby is getting enough milk Newborn feeding FAQs
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How Can I Tell If My Baby Isn’t Getting Enough To Eat
Your baby’s mood will often be the first indicator. If your little one isn’t getting enough to eat, he might cry, fuss or suck on his fingers even after a full feeding.
Some other signs that your baby isn’t eating enough and may need more:
Too few wet or dirty diapers. Infants should have at least six wet diapers within a 24-hour period, and the urine should be pale yellow. As for bowel movements? Breastfed newborns should have at least five poop diapers within 24 hours, and formula-fed newborns should have at least four.
Little or no weight gain. The average newborn gains 4 to 7 ounces per week, so if your baby is gaining less, he may not be getting enough to eat. The pediatrician can help you figure out whether your baby’s growth is on track.
If you suspect that your baby isn’t eating enough, let the pediatrician know. He or she can determine whether your baby has an underlying feeding issue and help you figure out a healthy feeding plan for your little one.
Feeding Baby Formula: How Much Is Enough
You have decided that formula is right for you. So, what do you need to know to formula-feed your baby? Lets start with how you should prepare formula and how much your baby needs.
Preparing baby formula is a very important step that you must get right. Closely follow the instructions on the label to make sure your baby gets the right nutrition.
As you know, your baby is unique, so it is impossible to say exactly how much formula she needs. It will even vary from one day to another. At first, your baby will drink small amounts because her stomach is still very small. As she grows, the amount will gradually increase. Time of day counts too. Your infant may be less hungry in the evening than in the morning, so watch for signs of hunger and satisfaction and let her control her own intake. Just like you, your baby has an appetite that varies according to how tired she is, her level of activity and her mood. Sometimes, she might simply not want to eat, so be aware and try not to worry if she occasionally resists feeding.
Generally, in a 24-hour period, your baby will drink the amounts indicated below:
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How To Choose Formula For Your Baby
Breastfeeding doesn’t work for every mom. Sometimes formula is the best way of feeding your child. Finding the best nourishment for your child can be trial and error or you could take a different approach by learning about the types of protein and carbohydrates provided and the ingredients in each type of formula. What about the form it comes in? Do you want ready-to-use, liquid concentrate or powdered?
Can You Mix Breast Milk And Formula
Mixing breast milk and formula in the same container is not recommended because:
- Formula can interfere with the antibacterial benefits of breast milk.
- Mixing milk could mean wasted breast milk if baby doesnt finish the bottle.
- Formula doesnt last as long as breast milk so mixing milk would shorten the time breast milk could be stored safely.
Because breast milk is so much more valuable to your baby, the recommendation is to feed expressed breast milk supplements first rather than mixing breast milk with formula. Pausing between giving formula after breast milk will allow time for the breast milk to start to leave the stomach . Waiting will not always be practical with a hungry baby.
The research on mixing breast milk and formula
Most of the studies looking at mixing breast milk and formula have been done by studying the effects of human milk fortifier added to expressed breast milk. Studies by Chan et al 12 and Quan et al13 found that the cows milk protein in human milk fortifier and normal formula can prevent some of the important anti-infective properties in human milk from working. Iron and iron-enriched formula were also found to affect the antimicrobial actions of breast milk.
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How Much Infant Formula Should I Give My Baby Based On Their Body Weight
There’s a rough guide based on your baby’s body weight that you can use to work out how much formula to give. This only applies though if you don’t breastfeed as well as bottle-feed and your baby isn’t eating solid foods yet.
Most full-term babies need between 150ml and 200ml of formula per kilogram of their body weight every day . So, if your baby weighs 3kg, they’ll probably need between 450ml and 600ml of formula over a 24-hour period to satisfy their hunger. However, they may want less than this in the first week or so, as they will only have a tiny tummy .
These measurements are a rule of thumb. Just as your appetite varies with each meal, your baby isn’t going to take exactly the same amount at each feed . So don’t force your baby to finish a bottle, even if there is only a little bit left .
If your baby has been prescribed a specialised formula, check with your GP or health visitor on how much you should offer each day .
Infant Formula From Birth
Use a stage 1 formula that is suitable for newborn babies. It should say from birth or 012 months. Your baby can stay on this same formula when you start to introduce solid foods at around 6 months and continue on it until they are 12 months old.
There are formulas labelled as follow-on or stage 2. These should only be given to babies aged 6 months and over but are not necessary for most babies.
The labels on follow-on formula can look very similar to infant formula, so read them carefully to avoid making a mistake.Before buying formula, check the label for babys age and the use-by date. Never feed infant formula that is past its use-by date to your baby.
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Maintain Your Milk Supply While Giving Formula
If you wish to maintain your milk supply while giving formula, you may need to breastfeed or pump frequently, up to 8 to 12 times per day. The exact number of times will depend on your breasts storage capacity and the age of your baby.
According to the N.C.T., if your baby is older around 8 or 9 months you can usually maintain your breastmilk supply alongside formula feeding, as long as you breastfeed every day.
The Department of Agriculture has tips for maintaining your milk supply while introducing formula.
How Can I Prevent My Newborn From Getting Hiccups
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When Can You Start Feeding Your Baby Solid Foods
Most babies are ready to start solid food when they double their birthweight and weigh about 13 pounds. This usually is about 4 months of age.
Look for cues that your baby is ready for solid food. She may be ready if:
- She can sit up in a feeding seat and hold her head up with good control.
- She opens her mouth and reaches for your food.
- She can move food from a spoon into her mouth.