Week : Show Your Newborn The Difference Between Night And Day
Newborns dont know the difference between night and day when they are born. Thats one of the reasons why they are up and down at all hours. To acclimate their body clocks to the rhythms of your day introduce your newborn to the concept of night and day.
This important newborn sleep tip will help them set their internal clocks to be awake more during the day and sleep for longer stretches at night eventually.
To do this create a stark contrast to day and night in your home.
During the day keep lighting and noise at a normal level. Where ever baby naps keep the room from being pitch black. Play music in the background. Do most of your activities during the day.
At night soften the environment. Turn down the lights and the volume. Slow down the pace of life. When putting baby down at night draw the shades closed and make the room dark.
Over time your newborn will adjust and with it adjust their awake and sleep hours.
Newborns Need To Eat Around The Clock
Newborns have very tiny tummies, so while it would be nice to load up your baby with breast milk or formula at bedtime and not hear from him until morning, it doesn’t work that way . Newborn babies need to eat at least every two to four hours, including overnight.
So how do you know when your baby’s whimpers are a call for food? The key is to learn to differentiate between “feed me!” sounds and his other cries so you can respond quickly when he’s truly hungry or let him be if he’s just making noises in his sleep.
When Should I Seek A Doctor’s Help
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- Your baby seems to be extremely fussy/irritable or cannot be soothed he/she may have a medical problem such as colic or reflux .
- Your baby appears to have a breathing problem.
- Your baby has a difficult time being awakened from sleep.
- Your baby is uninterested in feeding or persistently shies away from activity.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/17/2020.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sudden Unexpected Infant Death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Accessed 3/23/2020.
- National Sleep Foundation. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Sleep. Accessed 3/23/2020.
- American Academy of Pediatrics, Pediatrics: Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2016 Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. November 2016, 138. Accessed 3/23/2020.
- American Academy of Pediatrics. Safe Sleep. Accessed 3/23/2020.
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Sleep Education. Healthy Sleep Habits. Accessed 3/23/2020.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy
Also Check: Which Wipes Are Best For Newborns
How To Tell If Your Baby Has A Stuffy Nose
Because some babies are resistant to congestion remedies, its important to confirm that this is actually the issue before proceeding with a bulb syringe or aspirator. In most cases, you will quickly be able to determine if your babys nose is blocked.
Often, mucus will be visible to the parent, either within the nostril or surrounding the nose. Otherwise, nasal congestion can be detected based on noisy breathing, snorting, or general irritability.
Read Also: How To Introduce Pacifier To Newborn
When To Set Up A Sleep Routine
Itâs never too early to think about adding structure around your babyâs sleep, but keep in mind that it may be several months before your baby has a predictable sleep pattern.Newborns donât yet know the difference between day and night and their circadian rhythms are still developing. And because their stomachs are so small, newborns can only go for a few hours before they need to be fed again, even during the night.At this early stage, itâs more important to cater to your babyâs feeding and sleep needs , rather than pushing a strict sleep schedule onto your little one. Look out for your babyâs drowsy periods and encourage sleep then.If you want, you can start keeping track of when your baby sleeps and feeds, and begin to put together a bedtime routine that you could follow consistently. Later on, when you may wish to start sleep training, having some basic sleep routines already in place may make things easier.
You May Like: What To Do When Newborn Has A Cold
When Should You Clear Your Babys Nose
The use of saline drops and the bulb syringe or the nasal aspirator can be done 3 to 4 times in a 24 hour period. Any more than that can carry a risk of damaging the lining of the nasal passages, causing irritation and nosebleeds.
It can be helpful to time these clean-out sessions just before feedings, to help your baby breathe while nursing or taking the bottle. Its just not possible to suck and breathe through the mouth at the same time, so babies must have clear noses in order to get in a good feeding. In fact, one of the reasons babies do not feed well with respiratory illnesses is that it is just too much effort. So you will notice they feed for shorter periods of time, just until they get tired of working so hard. And you will want to try and feed them more frequently when this is happening.
Another good time to clear nasal secretions is just before bed at night to help everyone sleep just a bit better.
Dont Miss: What To Have For A Newborn
Use Saline Drops Or Spray
One of easiest ways to clear a babys or toddlers nose is to use a saline nasal spray. Nasal spray works by thinning out the mucus, allowing the nose to clear out and ease congestion.
If you cant run to the store for saline drops or spray, try mixing one cup of warm, filtered water and a ½ teaspoon of salt. Make sure your mixture is completely cooled before using.
Try tilting your babys head back and spraying or squeezing a couple of drops inside the nose. Then, follow with some tummy time or by tilting your baby on its side, allowing the mucus to drain. Keep a soft tissue handy to wipe his/her nose.
You May Like: What Is The Best Formula Milk For Newborn
When Should The Doctor See
Sometimes home remedies are not enough to give a rest to the blocked nose, especially when the nose is closed due to some other health condition.
Medical treatment may also be required in this case, especially if the condition is painful or is causing problems in performing daily tasks. (Baby Nose Sucker
What Is Safe Sleep
Safe sleep means putting your baby to sleep in ways that can help protect him from dangers, like choking and suffocation , and sudden infant death syndrome . SIDS is the unexplained death of a baby younger than 1 year old. SIDS usually happens when a baby is sleeping. Its sometimes called crib death because the baby often dies in his crib.
Recommended Reading: What Essentials Are Needed For A Newborn Baby
Week : Address Bumps In The Road
Inching closer to 2 months and you may have experienced a few glorious nights of good sleep or restful afternoons of naps.
Just when youre feeling caught up on sleep yourself you might experience times when your baby is sleeping more like a 1 week old.
Things pop up in a newborns life for a variety of reasons. You might have a week of cluster feeding. Your baby might have digestive issues and get painful gas. You might experience colic with your newborn.
These situations put a halt on working towards regular sleep schedules or may put a damper on sleep altogether.
It may be easier said than done, but dont sweat it if youre not getting in your 10 am nap every day for the time being. Focus on taking care of your baby and figuring out what they need.
The good thing about newborns is that they are always changing and evolving and that means difficult phases dont last forever. Whatever bumps come your way things will smooth out.
Dont Let Your Baby Overheat
How should you dress baby for sleep? Simple is safest. Put your baby in a base layer like a one-piece sleeper, and skip the socks, hats or other accessories. Instead of a blanket, use a sleep sack or swaddle. Shell be warm enough but not too warm. Never use weighted swaddles, sleep sacks or blankets for your baby.
A room temperature of 68 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit is best. To tell whether your baby is too warm, feel the nape of her neck. If she’s sweating, shes too hot.
Read Also: Can I Give My Newborn Breast Milk And Formula
Week : Tryout A Mini Routine
Eventually, you and your baby will be able to follow a consistent routine. For now, it doesnt hurt to introduce your baby to a mini routine with the understanding that it can change from day-to-day.
How do you follow a mini routine with an unpredictable schedule? Keeping it short and sweet!
For example, pick one daily activity like a diaper change, and follow the same steps when performing that task.
These mini routines will help your baby catch on quicker when they are a bit older and you work on establishing things like a daily schedule or bedtime routine.
Should I Be Concerned
Newborns are so small, and it can be hard to know if your baby is gaining weight the way he or she should. You may worry that your baby has lost too much weight in the first few days or isn’t taking enough breast milk or formula. If so, talk to your doctor, who may ask you about:
- How many feedings a day your baby gets. A breastfed baby may feed about 8 or more times in a 24-hour period formula-fed babies usually eat less often, perhaps every 3 to 4 hours. A lactation counselor can make suggestions to increase comfort and improve technique, if a mom needs extra help.
- How much your baby eats at each feeding. A baby generally nurses for at least 10 minutes, should be heard to swallow after 3 or 4 sucks, and should seem satisfied when done. At this age, formula-fed babies may drink up to 3 to 4 ounces at a time.
- How often your baby pees. A breastfed baby may have only 1 or 2 wet diapers a day until the mother’s milk comes in. Expect about 6 wet diapers by 3 to 5 days of age for all babies. After that, babies should have at least 6 to 8 wet diapers a day.
- How many bowel movements your baby has each day, and what they’re like. Newborns may have only one poopy diaper a day at first. Poop is dark and tarry the first few days, then becomes soft or loose and greenish-yellow by about 3 to 4 days. Newborns usually have several poopy diapers a day if breastfed and fewer if formula-fed.
Also Check: How To Train Your Newborn To Sleep At Night
Home Remedies For Baby Stuffy Nose
Looking for natural remedies for an babys blocked nose? These three options might help clear the congestion.
Steam up the bathroom. If your baby has a stuffy nose, run a hot shower for a few minutes. Then, when the bathroom is steamy, sit in the room with them for a bit. This will help loosen the mucus in their nostrils. But dont go in the hot shower with your little onethe water can scald them!
Run a cool air humidifier. Most of us have the heat on in our homes during the winter months, and that dry air can stuff up a babys nose. Keeping a cool air humidifier going in their room can offer some relief and prevent stuffiness. Keep the humidifier clean to prevent fungus from growing. This is an especially useful remedy for a baby stuffy nose at night!
Encourage hydration and rest. Babies may need more sleep when theyre sick, so dont neglect your soothing bedtime routine. Also, make sure your little one drinks enough breast milk or formula to prevent dehydration. Your baby can stay in an upright position during feedings to decrease congestion.
When To Dress Babies In Fleece Pajamas
We don’t recommend dressing your baby in fleece unless it’s extremely cold. You will probably swaddle while your baby is still young, and fleece pajamas under a swaddle could be a lot of heat for a little one.
Excess heat can increase the risk of SIDS, and it’s wise to err on the side of caution. If you’re not sure if your babe is too warm or cold, you can feel the nape of their neck if it’s sweaty or their tummy or chest if it feels too warm. Also, their cheeks might be flushed if they’re feeling a bit toasty as well.
Don’t Miss: What Do Newborn Babies Need The Most
Why Sleeping On The Back Is Safest For Babies
While research is still underway, studies suggest that babies get less oxygen and get rid of less carbon dioxide when they sleep on their bellies. In other words, while on their stomachs, an infant is only able to re-breath air from a small pocket of bedding pulled up around the nose.
Other findings point to the fact that many babies who die from SIDS have underdeveloped regions of their brain, perhaps areas that prevent them from waking up to remove themselves from danger . And since it’s impossible to figure out which babies won’t arouse normally, it’s better to be safe than sorry.
Since 1992, when the AAP began recommending that all newborn babies be put to sleep on their backs, during naps, and at nighttime, the annual SIDS rate has declined more than 50 percent. And there’s been no increase in choking or aspirating since that time.
How To Get Your Newborn To Sleep At Night
All babies cry, and all parents experience a crying baby at night from time to time. There are many reasons your newborn may cry at night, rather than falling or staying asleep. For example, she may be uncomfortable or overstimulated, or may need a diaper change.Here are some of the things you can try to help your baby settle and fall asleep:
Above all, try not to become stressed if your little one can’t seem to sleep never act on any frustration you may be feeling by shaking or hitting your baby. Instead, leave your baby safely in his crib for a few minutes while you regroup in another room, and go back in when you feel calm and ready.
Recommended Reading: Which Bottles Are Best For Newborns
Helping Your Baby Fall Asleep
Babies may not be able to create their own sleeping and waking patterns. Surprisingly, not all babies know how to put themselves to sleep. And not all babies can go back to sleep if they are awakened in the night. When it is time for bed, many parents want to rock or breastfeed a baby to help him or her fall asleep. Creating a bedtime routine is a good idea. But don’t let your baby fall asleep in your arms. This may become a pattern. And your baby may begin to expect to be in your arms in order to fall asleep. When your baby briefly wakes up during a sleep cycle, they may not be able to go back to sleep on their own.
Babies who feel secure are better able to handle separations, especially at night. Cuddling and comforting your baby during the day can help him or her feel more secure. Other ways to help your baby learn to sleep include:
Place A Towel Under Your Babys Mattress
Placing a folded towel underneath one end of your babys mattress elevates their head while they sleep. The added height, even if its just an inch or two, will allow mucus to drain from your babys nose and mouth while theyre resting.
Just make sure to put the towel under the mattress, as no pillows or blankets should ever go in the crib with your baby while they sleep. Also, remember that you should always put your baby to sleep on their back.
Tip: For babies with eczema-prone skin, try Mustelas Stelatopia Skin Soothing Pajamas for better sleep! These 100% cotton pajamas deliver soothing moisture to your little ones skin throughout the night so they can rest well.
Dont Miss: How To Sponge Bathe A Newborn With Umbilical Cord
Also Check: How Do I Add My Newborn To My Medicaid
How Do I Start Putting My Baby Down Drowsy But Awake
Learning when to put your baby in the crib while shes drowsy but still awake is a matter of watching for sleep patterns and cues. Here’s how to start the process:
- Track her sleep patterns. From birth to around 3 months, infants sleep about 14 to 17 hours a day, including naps. If you can recognize a pattern over time, youll be able to anticipate her sleep needs and when shes ready to go down. Pay special attention to your baby’s “wake windows” . Babies shouldn’t be awake for more than 45 to 120 minutes between naps at this stage, depending on how old they are.
- Watch for sleep clues. Eye rubbing, yawning and some fussiness are all classic signs your baby is ready for bed. She might also suck her thumb or pull on her ear.
- Stick to the routine. Whether its naptime one or the longer evening version with a bath, feeding and a massage, both signal to your little one that it’s time to tuck in.
- Try to separate eating from sleeping. If your baby regularly falls asleep at the bottle or breast, shell come to expect that every time. Instead, move the feeding to the beginning of your nap or bedtime routine.
- Wait before entering. If she starts to cry overnight, hold off for a few minutes before entering her room she may fall back to sleep by herself.
- Keep visits brief. When you do go in, offer some quick comfort with a pat on the head or a tummy rub, but dont linger or pick her up, as she may come to expect it at each waking.